In the 1980s the living room, the ideal of German inwardness, was transformed into a room of madness. The maintenance of the status quo in divided Germany took on “manic character”. In the GDR a certain amount of room for the expression of artistic and social criticism had now been gained, while in the Federal Republic the great meta-stories of Socialism and Capitalism began to lose their credibility. Johannes Grützke’s mural in the Paulskirche in Frankfurt am Main portraying the Revolution of 1848 and Werner Tübke’s panorama picture on the “early bourgeois revolution” in Bad Frankenhausen in East Germany represent critical queries into the nature of German identity in East and West. The opening of the Berlin Wall on 9 November 1989 marks the end of the era of the Cold War.