Air, Light and Sun Life Reform
Movement and Nordic Heroes
from the sullenness of the overloaded bourgeois
dwelling, a new diet, outdoor exercise, nudism:
towards the end of the 19th century, various
groupings in Germany called for a reform of life.
Individual impulses, among them Swedish
Gymnastics, were absorbed from Scandinavia,
the Sera circle around the German publisher Eugen
Diederichs celebrated the summer solstice with
Swedish folk dances, while the painter Fidus
glorified the Nordic man.
Germans were enthusiastic about the adventurous
journeys of Nordic discoverers Fridtjof Nansen
and Sven Hedin as well as the reformist
educational principles of Swedish writer Ellen