Logo - Cassandra - Visions of Catastrophe 1914 - 1945
Poster - Cassandra - Visions of Catastrophe 1914 - 1945

Exhibition | Prologue | Prophets of Catastrophe | 1918-1929 | 1930-1933

1933-1939 | Themes of the Times | Shadows over Europe | Epilogue



V. 1933–1939

Under the Regime – Working in Secrecy

After Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of the Reich on 30 January 1933, the Nazi regime established a dictatorship within a few months. The repressions of the National Socialists against all forms of opposition silenced all critical voices among artists as well. The artists were persecuted or arrested and often found themselves forced to leave the country or to work in secrecy. Not infrequently they combined their retreat into the “inner emigration” with a pointedly apolitical stance as well as a deliberate show of subjectivity. Artists like Max Beckmann, Otto Dix or Karl Hofer depicted themselves as seers or prophets.

Otto Dix
Triumph of Death, 1934,
Stuttgart, Kunstmuseum Stuttgart,
© VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2008
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