Between the turn of the century and the First World War many German artists turned to the doomsday visions of the Apocalypse of St. John. There the end of the world and the Last Judgement are combined with the hope of a turn of the era. These artistic works were widely known to the general public through exhibitions or in the form of reproductions. Many of them deal with war and the end of the world, but they are not to be interpreted as prophecies of war. Rather, the works can be seen as reactions to the tense political, societal and cultural conditions and social problems under the reign of Kaiser Wilhelm II.