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The failed assassination attempt carried out by Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg was the largest coup attempt by the German resistance against the Nazi leadership. However, even if it had succeeded, this coup would have come too late for large parts of the Jewish population in Europe. The Holocaust at this point was already nearly accomplished.

The debates about the "conspirators" of July 20th, who came from different social groups, and their motives are not over yet. Therefore the guided tour discusses the motives and plans of this resistance network. It also places the planned coup in the context of earlier assassination attempts.